This report highlights that fragmented commissioning practices mean that GPs are increasingly unable to direct patients to the most appropriate sexual health services for their needs, and GPs are not being given adequate training to administer all different types of contraception that might benefit patients.
Public Health England has launched Protect against STIs a new sexual health campaign to encourage condom use by young adults in order to reduce the rates of sexually transmitted infections.
The campaign is the first government sexual health campaign in eight years. To coincide with the launch of the campaign, a new YouGov survey of 2,007 young people reveals current attitudes towards condom use and what prevents them from using protection.
The findings revealed that almost half (47%) of sexually active young people said they have had sex with someone new for the first time without using a condom; whilst 1 in 10 sexually active young people said that they had never used a condom.
The new research also revealed that sexual health is a challenging topic for young adults to discuss, as 56% of men and 43% of women said that it is difficult to talk about STIs with friends. Furthermore, 58% said that if they had an STI they would find it difficult to talk to their sexual partner about it.
Lee JGL, Orlan EN, Sewell KB, Ribisl KM. A new form of nicotine retailers: a systematic review of the sales and marketing practices of vape shops. Tob Control. 2017 Dec 05
OBJECTIVE: Retailers that primarily or exclusively sell electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) or vaping products represent a new category of tobacco retailer. We sought to identify (a) how vape shops can be identified and (b) sales and marketing practices of vape shops. DATA SOURCES: A medical librarian iteratively developed a search strategy and in February 2017 searched seven academic databases (ABI/INFORM Complete, ECONLit, Embase, Entrepreneurship, PsycINFO, PubMed/MEDLINE and Scopus). We hand searched Tobacco Regulatory Science and Tobacco Prevention & Cessation. STUDY SELECTION: We used dual, independent screening. Records were eligible if published in 2010 or later, were peer-reviewed journal articles and focused on vape shops. DATA EXTRACTION: We used dual, independent data abstraction and assessed risk of bias. Of the 3605 records identified, 22 were included. DATA SYNTHESIS: We conducted a narrative systematic review. Researchers relied heavily on Yelp to identify vape shops. Vape shop owners use innovative marketing strategies that sometimes diverge from those of traditional tobacco retailers. Vape shop staff believe strongly that their products are effective harm-reduction products. Vape shops were more common in areas with more White residents. CONCLUSIONS: Vape shops represent a new type of retailer for tobacco products. Vape shops have potential to promote e-cigarettes for smoking cessation but also sometimes provide inaccurate information and mislabelled products. Given their spatial patterning, vape shops may perpetuate inequities in tobacco use. The growing literature on vape shops is complicated by researchers using different definitions of vape shops (eg, exclusively selling e-cigarettes vs also selling traditional tobacco products).
A framework for mental health research | Department of Health
This framework provides a collective view of how mental health research should develop in the UK over the next decade. It sets out a structure to improve co-ordination and strengthen the focus on areas where mental health research is likely to translate into significant health benefit.
Published in response to a recommendation in the Five Year Forward View for Mental Health, the framework makes a number of recommendations to help guide the future of mental health research. These include:
Investigating mental illness at every stage of life
Putting people with lived experience at the heart of research
Investigating innovative responses to mental illness that go beyond medical settings
Improving coordination between research organisations
Learning from the vast amounts of data we have related to mental health
Developing new, flexible funding for mental health studies
The framework shows the many ways that research could help our understanding of mental health, but it also makes clear the scale of the challenges that remain to make that vital change possible.
This resource for health professionals and local authorities makes the case for action in midlife to support healthy productive later life | Public Health England
Longer, healthier lives are a benefit to society in many ways, including financial, social and cultural, because older people have skills, knowledge and experience that benefit the wider population. There is an opportunity to utilise this increased longevity as a resource, whilst challenging ageism and the view that retirement is about ‘sitting more and moving less’.
As life expectancy rises, we must promote the concept of productive healthy ageing, which involves:
improved health and wellbeing
increased independence and resilience to adversity
the ability to be financially secure through work and build resources
engagement in social activities
being socially connected with enhanced friendships and support
enjoying life in good health
Longer, healthier lives can be a benefit to society, but this requires over-65s to be more active community and economic participants.
The World Health Association has published Incentives and disincentives for reducing sugar in manufactured foods: an exploratory supply chain analysis.
This report investigates why producers use sugar in foods and why they use it in large amounts. The report, prepared together with the Centre for Food Policy at City, University of London, reveals that producers and retailers of food with high sugar content currently have many more incentives to continue using sugar than to limit its use or substitute it completely.
These incentives include:
the perception that sugar is the gold standard for sweetness;
sugar’s availability as a relatively cheap and abundant ingredient from multiple sources;
manufacturers’ and retailers’ focus on maintaining competitiveness;
manufacturers’ and retailers’ desire to maintain “choice” for consumers who still want to buy sugary foods;
sugar’s provision of essential functional qualities for manufactured foods; and
consumer concern about the use of artificial sweeteners.
The report concludes that a comprehensive approach covering the whole food system is needed in order to reduce sugar intake.