Impact of smoke-free legislation on perinatal and infant mortality

A scientific report published online at, estimates that the introduction of smoke-free legislation in England was associated with the prevention of 991 stillbirths, 5,470 cases of low birth weight, and 430 neonatal deaths in the first four years. The full report is available by clicking the image below:

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The impact of physical environments on employee wellbeing – topic overview

This briefing provides an overview of the literature on the impact of particular elements of the physical work environment on employee wellbeing. It considers the office layout, office furniture, workplace lighting and temperature, and employee control over their work environment.

Inequalities in life expectancy: changes over time and implications for policy

This report assesses how the Marmot curve has changed over time and what that tells us about the success or otherwise of government policy on inequalities in health over the period 1999–2003 to 2006–10. This study brings together, for the first time at a small area level, data on a wide array of variables for 6,700 areas of England on wider determinants, lifestyles, demographics and public service variables widely thought to be significant in determining health and health inequalities.


New guidelines for diabetes care

New diabetes guidance includes tighter targets for blood sugar levels to help reduce variation in the management and care of condition.

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The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) is issuing new guidelines to improve the management of diabetes in adults and children. It includes aiming for tighter blood sugar control to help manage the condition.

The update from NICE is designed to address the problem of varying standards of diabetes care in different parts of the country.

The new guidance covers type 1 diabetes in adults, type 1 and type 2 diabetes in children and young people, and diabetic foot care.

Diabetes prevention programmes: evidence review

Public Health England has published A systematic review and meta-analysis assessing the effectiveness of pragmatic lifestyle interventions for the prevention of type 2 diabetes mellitus in routine practice.

This document updates and extends a previously conducted systematic review and meta-analysis assessing the effectiveness of ‘real-world’ interventions for the prevention of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in high risk populations.  The review supports previous research, demonstrating that diabetes prevention programmes can significantly reduce the progression to T2DM and lead to reductions in weight and glucose compared with usual care. It concludes those developing prevention programmes should adhere to the NICE and/or IMAGE guidelines to increase efficacy.

Dudley optical practices to offer health checks in pioneering pilot

Optical practices are to provide free health and lifestyle check-ups in a ground-breaking new initiative launched this month.

Smoking cessation, weight management and alcohol screening are among the help offered to customers as part of innovative pilot jointly devised by Dudley Local Optical Committee and Public Health Dudley who funded it.

The Healthy Living Optician scheme is the brain-child of LOC chair, Shamina Asif, who saw the success of a similar approach through local community pharmacists.

The Dudley pilot will be the first time in England that optical practices have delivered preventative health tips. It follows the success of the Health Living Pharmacist scheme.