Latest guidance from NICE recommends people should be encouraged to stop smoking, be more physically active, reduce their alcohol consumption, and adopt a healthy diet to help lower the risk of developing dementia, disability and frailty in later life.
The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), the cancer agency of the World Health Organization (WHO), has evaluated the carcinogenicity of the consumption of red meat and processed meat.
Researchers classified the consumption of red meat as probably carcinogenic to humans, based on limited evidence that the consumption of red meat causes cancer in humans and strong mechanistic evidence supporting a carcinogenic effect. Processed meat was classified as carcinogenic to humans.
The WHO did stress that meat also had health benefits. Cancer Research UK said this was a reason to cut down rather than give up red and processed meats.
Reference to the research:
International Agency for Research on Cancer Monograph Working Group. Carcinogenicity of consumption of red and processed meat. The Lancet Oncology, 2015
Further reading :
Processed meat and cancer – what you need to know. Cancer Research UK
Public Health England has published What works in schools and colleges to increase physical activity?
A briefing for head teachers, college principals, staff working in education settings, directors of public health and wider partners. This briefing provides an overview from the evidence about what works in schools and colleges to increase levels of physical activity among children and young people. It focuses on emerging evidence suggesting an association between being physically active and academic attainment and attention.
NICE has developed a tobacco return on investment tool to help decision making in tobacco control at local and sub-national levels. The tool evaluates a portfolio of tobacco control interventions and models the economic returns that can be expected in different payback timescales. Different interventions, including pharmacotherapies and support and advice, can be mixed and matched to see which intervention portfolio or package provides the best ‘value for money’, compared with ‘no-services’ or any other specified package. The tool is to support commissioners and policy makers, in local authorities and the NHS, in their investment decisions.
The process by which the UK National Screening Committee (UK NSC) reviews evidence relating to national population screening programmes.
The UK National Screening Committee has published UK NSC: evidence review process. This document describes the process used by the UK National Screening Committee (UK NSC) to review the evidence relating to the introduction, modification and cessation of national population screening programmes.
The process set out in the document builds on the UK NSC’s previous practice and will be revisited and refined in winter 2016. Read the full article via UK NSC evidence review process – Publications – GOV.UK.
A randomised controlled trial in 10 European countries found that an interactive programme for all pupils that raised awareness of factors associated with suicide and taught mental health coping skills (Youth Aware of Mental Health Programme) reduced the incidence of suicide.
Read more in the October 2015 edition of Eyes on Evidence from NICE.
Full reference:School-based suicide prevention programmes: the SEYLE cluster-randomised, controlled trial – Volume 385, No. 9977, p1536–1544