Cancer risk awareness and screening uptake in individuals at higher risk for colon cancer

Salimzadeh, H. et al. (2016) BMJ Open. 6:e013833

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Objective: We aimed to measure cancer knowledge and feasibility of a screening colonoscopy among a cohort of individuals at higher risk of colon cancer.

Conclusions: Our data indicated that remarkable numbers of FDRs were not still informed of their cancer risk or never received a physician recommendation for screening. The desirable uptake at first invitation, which would be higher over successive invitations, supports the feasibility of a family-based recruitment approach for early screening. This has promising implications to introduce targeted screening colonoscopy into the healthcare system in Iran and other developing nations.

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Health literacy in Europe

van der Heide, I et al. (2016) The European Journal of Public Health. 26(6) pp. 906 – 911

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Background: Health literacy is an important determinant of health, but national health literacy levels are known for only some European countries. This study aims to examine to what extent national health literacy levels can be estimated based on publicly available census data.

Conclusion: Prediction models based on publicly available census data can be used for estimating self-assessed and performance-based health literacy on population level. Observed health literacy levels or better prediction models are required when one is interested in ranking European countries.

Read the full abstract here

State of the Nation Report: What Children in the UK are Eating

This is a snapshot of how millions of children are eating in 2016, day in, day out, and the challenges facing parents up and down the country because of the food environment we now live in | Children’s Food Trust

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Image source: Jixuan Zhou – Flickr // CC BY-NC-SA 2.0

This report looks at:

  • What were the nation’s children’s favourite meals?
  • What were the key parts of their diet?
  • What did parents find most difficult about trying to feed children healthily?
  • How much are parents worrying about children’s sugar intake?
  • What was the impact of pester power?
  • Where did families go to eat out most often this year?

Read the full overview here

Read the full report here

Suicide prevention: interim report

This report presents interim findings from an inquiry that will go on to inform the updated suicide prevention strategy | House of Commons Health Select Committee

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Image source: Parliament.uk

The scale of the avoidable loss of life from suicide is unacceptable. 4820 people are recorded as having died by suicide in England in 2015 but the true figure is likely to be higher. The 2014 suicide rate in England (10.3 deaths per 100,000) was the highest seen since 2004, and the 2015 rate was only marginally lower at 10.1 Suicide disproportionately affects men, accounting for around three quarters of all suicides, but rates are rising in women. It remains the biggest killer of men under 49 and the leading cause of death in people aged 15–24.

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Image source: Parliament.uk

Read the full report here

Doing justice to mental health in STPs

Claire Murdoch, the national director for mental health in England, recently argued that some sustainability and transformation plans (STPs) are failing to do ‘justice’ to mental health | Chris Naylor – The King’s Fund Blog

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Image source: Rowena Dugdale – Wellcome Images // CC BY-NC-ND 4.0

Ignoring the psychological aspects of health and wellbeing leads to some of the grossest inefficiencies in the health and care system. For example, we have estimated that in England, poor mental health drives up the annual cost of long-term physical health conditions by between £8 billion and £13 billion. The fact is – and it should hardly surprise us – that when people are struggling to deal with the social and emotional pressures in their lives, their physical health often deteriorates – and the impact of that is felt strongly in general practice, A&E and elsewhere. And yet all too often we act as if these issues should be of concern only to mental health professionals.

Leaders in some parts of the country are using the process of developing STPs as an opportunity to rethink the approach taken to mental health and wellbeing across their local systems, and are embedding mental health in every strand of their work. Those who haven’t yet done this risk missing a significant opportunity to use STPs to deliver better population health and better value.

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Educating Emergency Department Registered Nurses in Screening, Brief Intervention and Referral to Treatment

Mitchel, A.M. et al. International Emergency Nursing. Published online: December 17 2016

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Highlights

  • SBIRT has been shown to be effective in reducing risky alcohol consumption.
  • Patients trust nurses, underscoring nurses’ ability to have a positive impact.
  • EDRNs can increase their knowledge and attitudes to routinely screen patients for risky substance use.
  • SBIRT training and educational reinforcement is key for continued implementation.

Read the full abstract here

Mental Health Disparities Among Canadian Transgender Youth

Veale, J.F. et al. (2017) Journal of Adolescent Health. 60(1) pp. 44–49

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Purpose: This study documented the prevalence of mental health problems among transgender youth in Canada and made comparisons with population-based studies. This study also compared gender identity subgroups and age subgroups (14–18 and 19–25).

 

Conclusions: Although a notable minority of transgender youth did not report negative health outcomes, this study shows the mental health disparities faced by transgender youth in Canada are considerable.

Read the full article here