E-cigarettes and vaping: policy, regulation and guidance

Evidence on the impact of e-cigarettes, information on government policy and regulation, and guidance for organisations on vaping policies | Public Health England

This collection includes information and guidance on e-cigarettes, including:

  • Public Health England’s (PHE) expert independent evidence reviews
  • UK product and advertising regulation
  • advice on developing vaping policies that maximise the potential of e-cigarettes in supporting smokers quit, while managing risks

Contents:

  • England’s policy on e-cigarettes
  • UK e-cigarettes regulation
  • E-cigarettes evidence reviews
  • E-cigarettes public health consensus statement
  • Advice for organisations on vaping policies

Full collection at Public Health England

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The Prioritisation Framework: making the most of your budget

A flexible tool to support local authorities make transparent, evidence-based spending decisions across public health programmes | Public Health England

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Local public health teams are facing increasingly complex and challenging decisions over what services to invest in and disinvest from. The Prioritisation Framework is designed to help local authorities conduct a systematic prioritisation exercise, by greatly reducing the burden and complexity of the task.

The approach is based on Multi Criteria Decision Analysis, a recognised decision support technique which has been successfully used in a variety of contexts.

Throughout the tool users are provided with extensive guidance and links to other relevant resources. A supporting materials pack is available from the PHE Health Economics team at healtheconomics@phe.gov.uk.

Public Health England recommends a community-based approach to health and wellbeing

Public Health England | Health matters: community-centred approaches for health and wellbeing

New guidance from Public Health England (PHE) focuses on community centred approaches to health and wellbeing, outlining to professionals how to create the conditions for community assets to thrive. 

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Image source: gov.uk

PHE’s guidance includes successful interventions and case studies from across England.

As well as having health needs, all communities have health assets that can contribute to the positive health and wellbeing of its members, including:

  • the skills, knowledge, social competence and commitment of individual community members
  • friendships, inter-generational solidarity, community cohesion and neighbourliness
  • local groups and community and voluntary associations, ranging from formal organisations to informal, mutual aid networks such as babysitting circles
  • physical, environmental and economic resources assets brought by external agencies including the public, private and third sector

Community-centred ways of working are important for all aspects of public health, including health improvement, health protection and healthcare public health. It’s not about expecting communities to do more and saving public money but about investing in more sustainable and effective approaches to reduce health inequalities.

The guidance outlines a range of community-centred approaches: strengthening communities, the role of peers and volunteers, collaboration and partnerships with communities and local services and improving access to community resources.

The guidance can be read in full at PHE  

Evidence review of homeless adults with complex needs

Public Health England South East have produced an evidence review examining homeless situation across England with insights into the current evidence base to support action to prevent and reduce homelessness. 

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The evidence review has a particular focus on individuals who are street homeless and those who street beg to support efforts to prevent and reduce homelessness and the adverse outcomes associated with this.

PHE’s purpose was to provide an overview of the national picture in relation to homelessness and provide insights into the current evidence base to support action in preventing and reducing homelessness, particularly with those who are street sleeping and street begging.

This evidence review highlights some of the gaps in data, research and evidence that exist and recommends that:

  •  local authorities consider the findings of this review and how they may be able to utilise it in the context of their local situations (the publication has some toolkits, guides and strategies)
  • PHE considers the research/evidence/data gaps in this area and how they  may beable to overcome some of these and support the development of the evidence base for this highly complex and vulnerable group

    Further information from Public Health England
    The full review is available from PHE

Adult obesity trends for England map

Public Health England Obesity Risk Factors Intelligence team have published a moving map showing the change in prevalence of adult obesity for each region in England from 1993-2016 based on Health Survey for England (HSE) data.

This is a useful presentational tool for local, regional and national practitioners and policy makers as it gives a visual representation of the scale of obesity in adults across England and how this has progressed over the years. It can be downloaded and used freely with acknowledgement to Public Health England.

The map along with other PHE obesity–related resources can be downloaded here

 

Child and maternal health statistics

Updated statistics to support improvements in decision making when planning services for pregnant women, children, young people and families | Public Health England

Contents include:

  1. Overview of child health and child health profiles
  2. Pregnancy and birth statistics
  3. Breastfeeding statistics
  4. Early years statistics
  5. School-age children statistics
  6. Young people statistics
  7. Health visitor service delivery metrics
  8. Child development outcomes at 2 to 2 and a half years metrics

Full detail at Public Health England

 

Public Health England: evaluations and recommendations

This document is the final report of the International Association of National Public Health Institutes peer review of Public Health England. It looks at Public Health England’s progress as an organisation, with both commendations and recommendations for future work.

The authors report that in less than five years, Public Health England has, under strong and visionary leadership, transformed a geographically and functionally siloed group of 129 bodies into a strong, capable, coordinated, united and efficient public health agency that rivals any in the world.

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Image source: http://www.gov.uk

The report goes on to state that PHE meets or exceeds the standards outlined in the UK Government Cabinet Office Model of Capability including those for delivery, leadership and strategy.

 

It notes that PHE’s experience in change management over the past five years, and its expertise in delivering the Essential Public Health Functions should be used as a best practice by other countries wishing to conduct and organize public health at the highest level of excellence.