Feeling the heat: the decline of stop smoking services in England |Cancer Research UK and Action on Smoking and Health
This report publishes findings from a survey of local authority tobacco control leads which indicates that half of local authorities cut budgets for stop smoking services in 2017.
The report highlights both the ongoing challenges faced by tobacco control professionals and the diversity of their responses to these challenges.
Full report: Feeling the heat: the decline of stop smoking services in England
See also: Funding cuts mean stop smoking services can’t offer support | Cancer Research UK
Lee JGL, Orlan EN, Sewell KB, Ribisl KM. A new form of nicotine retailers: a systematic review of the sales and marketing practices of vape shops. Tob Control. 2017 Dec 05
OBJECTIVE: Retailers that primarily or exclusively sell electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) or vaping products represent a new category of tobacco retailer. We sought to identify (a) how vape shops can be identified and (b) sales and marketing practices of vape shops.
DATA SOURCES: A medical librarian iteratively developed a search strategy and in February 2017 searched seven academic databases (ABI/INFORM Complete, ECONLit, Embase, Entrepreneurship, PsycINFO, PubMed/MEDLINE and Scopus). We hand searched Tobacco Regulatory Science and Tobacco Prevention & Cessation.
STUDY SELECTION: We used dual, independent screening. Records were eligible if published in 2010 or later, were peer-reviewed journal articles and focused on vape shops.
DATA EXTRACTION: We used dual, independent data abstraction and assessed risk of bias. Of the 3605 records identified, 22 were included.
DATA SYNTHESIS: We conducted a narrative systematic review. Researchers relied heavily on Yelp to identify vape shops. Vape shop owners use innovative marketing strategies that sometimes diverge from those of traditional tobacco retailers. Vape shop staff believe strongly that their products are effective harm-reduction products. Vape shops were more common in areas with more White residents.
CONCLUSIONS: Vape shops represent a new type of retailer for tobacco products. Vape shops have potential to promote e-cigarettes for smoking cessation but also sometimes provide inaccurate information and mislabelled products. Given their spatial patterning, vape shops may perpetuate inequities in tobacco use. The growing literature on vape shops is complicated by researchers using different definitions of vape shops (eg, exclusively selling e-cigarettes vs also selling traditional tobacco products).
Study finds that online social networks designed to help smokers kick the tobacco habit are effective | PLOS ONE | story via ScienceDaily
Researchers examined the tobacco use of more than 2,600 smokers who participated in an online smoking cessation community. The study found that 21 percent of those classified as active users after their first week in the community reported that they quit smoking three months later. Those who were less active in the community were less likely to quit.
This is the first study to look at smokers’ behaviors in an online community over time and to report a prospective relationship between social network involvement and quitting smoking. After three months, 21 percent of those who actively contributed content in the community had quit smoking; 11 percent of passive users (those who only read others’ posts) had quit smoking; and only 8 percent of study participants that never visited quit smoking.
Full story at ScienceDaily
Full reference: Amanda L. Graham et al. | A prospective examination of online social network dynamics and smoking cessation. | PLOS ONE| 2017; 12 (8)
Tobacco control policy overview | House of Commons Library
The Government’s new tobacco control plan was published in 2017, and seeks to reduce smoking overall and target this inequality in smoking rates. This briefing paper provides a summary on the tobacco control plan, tobacco control policies and smoking cessation services.
Full document available here
Success rates for quitting smoking are at their highest level for a decade, according to new figures. Experts suggest the use of e-cigarettes may be an important factor. | via OnMedica
Nearly one in five (19.8%) quit attempts were successful in the first half of 2017, up from an average of 15.7% over the last decade. The figures come from researcher carried out by University College London, with support from Cancer Research UK.
The researchers collected data from over 18,000 participants using cross-sectional household surveys from January 2007 to June 2017. The findings reveal that quit smoking success rates in England in the first six months of 2017 were higher than the average rate during the preceding decade.
Full report: Quit success rates in England 2007-2017
This document is intended to support directors of public health and local healthcare commissioners with the provision of local stop smoking support.
This briefing is intended to support directors of public health and local healthcare
commissioners in rapidly appraising the evidence, to enable informed decisions around the provision of local stop smoking support. The briefing describes interventions to support smokers to stop and evidence of effectiveness. In addition, it sets out the different models for delivering these interventions currently being considered by local authorities (service models)
Full document: Models of delivery for stop smoking services. Options and evidence
This is part of a group of tools provided by Public Health England to help local decision makers in relation to tobacco control. Other products include:
Findings from US observational study suggest E-cigarettes appear to have helped to increase smoking cessation at the population level.| OnMedica |BMJ
Researchers have looked at whether the increase in the use of e-cigarettes in the US was associated with a change in overall smoking cessation rate.
They drew on responses to five population surveys from 2001 to 2015. E-cigarette users were identified from the most recent survey (2014-15) and smoking cessation rates were obtained from those who said they had smoked cigarettes in the preceding 12 months. Rates from this most recent survey were then compared to those of four earlier surveys.
Of 161,054 respondents to the 2014-15 survey, 22,548 were current smokers and 2,136 recent quitters. More than a third (38%) of current smokers and nearly half (49%) of recent quitters said they had tried e-cigarettes.
E-cigarette users were more likely than non-users to make a quit attempt (65% vs 40%) and more likely to succeed in quitting for at least three months (8.2% vs 4.8%).
The overall population quit rate for 2014-15 was significantly higher (5.6%) than that for 2010-11 (4.5%), and higher than those for all other survey years.
The 1.1 percentage point difference might appear small, but it represents approximately 350,000 additional US smokers who quit in 2014-15, emphasise the researchers.
Full story at OnMedica
Full reference: Shu-Hong Zhu et al. E-cigarette use and associated changes in population smoking cessation: evidence from US current population surveys BMJ 2017; 358 (Published 26 July 2017)
Related BMJ editorial: Rise in e-cigarette use linked to increase in smoking cessation rates